Submarine Cable Systems

In cooperation with neighbouring countries, we have developed an extensive submarine optical fibre cable network in the Eastern Mediterranean basin, via which Cyprus is connected to these countries and to international networks beyond, using state-of-the-art technology and full restoration and diversity. Moreover, we are continuously evaluating the possibility of connections to other planned optical fibre networks throughout the world. The following submarine fibre optic cable systems currently in service, land in Cyprus, at three separate Cytaglobal cable landing stations, namely Ayia Napa, Pentaskhinos and Yeroskipos:

ARIEL - eastwards to Israel

This is a private cable subsystem consisting of a fibre pair between Cyprus and Israel providing connectivity to Israel and extending beyond to Western Europe through other existing networks.

CIOS - eastwards to Israel

This is a repeaterless cable system of SDH technology connecting Cyprus directly with Israel.

CADMOS - eastwards to Lebanon

This is a repeaterless cable system of SDH technology connecting Cyprus directly with two separate landing stations in Lebanon.

UGARIT - eastwards to Syria

This is a repeaterless SDH cable system directly connecting Cyprus and Syria and via terrestrial extensions, with Jordan.

UGARIT and CADMOS together with the BERYTAR cable system (Beirut – Tartous), are fully integrated into a secure self-healing ring, interconnecting Cyprus with Lebanon and Syria.

ALASIA - will link Cyprus and Syria and add an alternate route to the Ugarit system which already connects the two countries. Alasia will also interconnect with Alexandros subsystem on the TE North cable network to provide onward connectivity to Europe and other destinations. The cable is expected to be ready for service by the first quarter of 2016.

Click here for Cyta press release.

SEA ME WE 3 - southwards via Egypt, to the Middle East and the Indian Subcontinent, South East Asia, China and Australia, and westwards to Europe, traversing the Mediterranean and North Sea, all the way to Germany. This cable system has been upgraded several times and now consists of two fibre pairs each carrying 48 wavelengths operating at 10 Gbit/s, linking the Pacific Rim, South East Asia, the Middle East and Western Europe, through a multitude of landing stations in many countries. Its total length of about 40,000 km makes it the longest submarine optical fibre cable network in the world.

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LEV - eastwards to Israel, and westwards to Italy

This is a state-of-the-art cable system connecting Cyprus with Israel and Italy, and thereafter via the MED NAUTILUS cable system to Greece, Turkey and the rest of Europe.

Click here to view network map.
Click here to view a map of the integrated MED NAUTILUS Network.

MINERVA - An independent private cable subsystem forming a direct self-healing ring between Cyprus and Italy, and through Telecom Italia Sparkle Pan-European networks, connecting to the rest of Europe, the US and beyond. The MINERVA Subsystem interconnects two landing stations in Cyprus (Yeroskipos & Pantaskhinos) directly with two landing stations in Italy (Mazara & Catania), providing superior quality and protection. The MINERVA Subsystem uses a dedicated express fibre pair with 10 Gbps DWDM wavelengths on the MED NAUTILUS Cable System, directly connecting Cyprus and Italy, completely bypassing Turkey, Greece and Israel. The MINERVA Subsystem is operated and managed by MED NAUTILUS for the sole use of Cytaglobal and its customers.

Click here to view network map.
Click here for Cyta press release.
Click here for Alcatel - Lucent press release.

ALEXANDROS - A private cable subsystem wholly owned by Cyta consisting of a fibre pair between Cyprus-Egypt and a fibre pair between Cyprus-France, implemented through Telecom Egypt’s submarine cable system TE NORTH (TEN), connecting Egypt with France, and through Pan-European networks, connecting to the rest of Europe and beyond. The ALEXANDROS Subsystem interconnects Pentaskhinos landing station in Cyprus with Abu Talat in Egypt and Marseilles in France, each direction with 96x10Gbps total capacity, providing a bridge between East and West. Employing ALEXANDROS subsystem and leveraging its strategic co-operation with Telecom Egypt, Cyta achieves an optimum configuration for its business needs, enhancing connectivity in the Mediterranean and providing international network robustness and reliability.

Click here to view network map.
Click here for Cyta press release.

ATHENA - a private cable subsystem wholly owned by Cyta, connecting Cyprus with Greece. The subsystem consists of two integrated rings, one ring is interconnecting the islands of Cyprus, Crete and Sicily and the other ring is interconnecting Crete with the Greek mainland, terminating in Athens. The ATHENA subsystem represents a major deployment of additional capacity in the Eastern Mediterranean, providing further extentions to Western Europe via Catania in Sicily, but also to Eastern Europe via Athens, including a wet route to Turkey. The ATHENA subsystem can bridge via Cyprus, the Middle East region with Europe and beyond.

Click here for Cyta press release.

POSEIDON - a subsea cable system developed by Cyta and Radius Oceanic Communications to serve the offshore oil and gas industry in the Mediterranean.

Click here for Cyta press release.

Two high capacity coastal links - TEFKROS and KINYRAS - interconnect all landing points in Cyprus (Ayia Napa, Pentaskhinos and Yeroskipos), thereby securing all-wet routes for regional and international traffic. The two coastal links are further protected with terrestrial SDH self-healing rings. As a major co-owner and Network Administrator of submarine cable systems, Cytaglobal facilitates the acquisition of capacity on systems landing in Cyprus. Through Cytaglobal, owners of capacity in such cable systems, have access to considerable reserve capacity in other submarine cables connecting Cyprus to rapidly developing neighbouring countries.

Cytaglobal is continuously evaluating the connection of Cyprus to other planned fibre optic networks the world over. By co-owning, buying or leasing capacity, we participate in many other regional and global submarine cable systems such as AC1, CELTIC, COLUMBUS III, MED NAUTILUS, SAT3, TAT 12-13, TAT 14 and OTRANTO-CORFU. In particular, Cytaglobal has actively participated in the planning and implementation of BSFOCS (Black Sea Fibre Optic Cable System) that interconnects Bulgaria, Ukraine and Russia and extends to the Cytaglobal fibre optic cable network, via cable systems along the route Bulgaria-Greece-Cyprus.

Click here to view a map of cable systems in the Black Sea region.
Click here for Cable Connectivity Products.
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Click here to view the TELEGEOGRAPHY Global Bandwidth Profile for Cytaglobal.
Click here to view Cytaglobal’s International Network Map.